Category: Feature

Foramen Rotundum

Foramen Rotundum

Foramen rotundum is a term used to describe a rounded hole or opening in the sphenoid bone of the skull, which in turn joins the pterygopalatine fossa and the middle cranial fossa. It transfers the trigeminal nerve’s maxillary nerve branch, the emissary veins, and the foramen rotundum’s artery Foramen has its origins in Latin, wherein […]

What is Erector Spinae?

What is Erector Spinae?

Also known as extensor spinae or sacrospinalis, the erector spinae refers to a muscle group occurring at the back. It bends the spine in such a way that the chest projects outwards and the head moves backwards, thereby extending the vertebral column. The muscle is actually made up of 3 muscle columns known as the […]

Ascending Colon

The ascending colon constitutes one of the 4 main sections of the colon which in turn is a component of the large intestine. It takes feces superiorly from the cecum across the right section of the abdomen into the transverse colon. Bacteria present in the ascending colon help digest the fecal matter which is passing […]

Thyroid Cartilage

Thyroid Cartilage

The thyroid cartilage is the uppermost and the biggest amongst the 8 other cartilages that constitute the laryngeal skeleton, which in turn is a cartilaginous structure present in and around the wind pipe or the trachea that contains the larynx or the voice box. It may be noted that cartilages are not bones, but partially […]

Veins in the Arm – Anatomy and Abnormalities

As per their relative depths from the surface of the skin, the veins in the arms are classified into 2 types, i.e., superficial veins and deep veins. The superficial veins occur between the 2 superficial fascia layers, just underneath the integument, and include the basilic, cephalic, and median cubital veins. The cephalic vein is considered […]

Why is the Hyoid Bone Unique?

Why is the Hyoid Bone Unique?

The hyoid bone refers to a bone located in the front middle section of the neck, between the thyroid cartilage and the chin. The name has its origins in the Greek word ‘hyoeides’ which means shaped like the Greek letter ‘υ’ (upsilon). It is shaped like a horseshoe and is one of the few bones […]

Craniopagus Parasiticus  - Cases That Will Astound You

Craniopagus Parasiticus – Cases That Will Astound You

Craniopagus parasiticus is a rare condition characterized by parasitic twinning of newborns. It occurs in around 4 to 6 births out of 10,000,000 births. In this form of parasitic twinning, the head of a parasitic twin with an incompletely formed body is connected to the head of a fully formed and developed twin. Most babies […]

Cartilage Piercing

Cartilage Piercing

Cartilage piercing is one of the popular forms of body piercing. It involves piercing of the cartilages in the nose and the ears. Some well-known forms of cartilage piercing include helix piercing, daith piercing, tragus piercing, rook piercing, and industrial piercing, etc. Cartilage piercing can damage the tissue of the skin, thereby causing infections and […]

Orbicularis Oculi

 The orbicularis oculi is a muscle found in the face and used to close the eyelids. The orbicularis oculi is made up of skeletal muscle fibers, and is receptive to nerve originating from the facial area. It is a significant muscle used for facial expression. It is located directly underneath surface of skin encircling the […]

What does the epiglottis do?

What does the epiglottis do?

Epiglottis is a flap-like cartilage that is situated behind the tongue in throat and in frontal area of larynx. It rests upright and allows air to pass through larynx to the lungs. Epiglottis is an elastic cartilage tissue and is covered with mucous membrane. It attaches itself just at the entrance of larynx. Larynx is […]