The excretory structure of the body includes kidney, ureter,bladder, and urethra. It is one of the important functioning systems in the body. In the cleaning process, the function of the kidney is to filter the waste product from the blood and excrete out through urine. Excess protein in the body is also eliminated by the kidneys via urine. Two kinds of protein might be seen in the urine, namely albumin and globulin.
Inability of the kidneys and other components of the urinary system to effectively eliminate excess urine from the body, can cause the protein to slowly buildup and eventually result in trace protein in urine.
The main causes for trace protein in urine are diabetes and high blood pressure. Some other reasons may be consumption of certain medicines, stress, rigorous exercise, infection, etc.
The condition of protein in urine is known as proteinuria. It is also sometimes referred to as albuminuria. Low level of protein or temporary high levels of protein in urine is not unusual as it is commonly found during sickness or after rigorous exercising, especially in young adults.
A urine test can help determine the presence of protein in urine, whether it is present in trace amounts or whether its levels are abnormally high. Accordingly, doctors may determine the severity of the condition and opt for treatment if necessary.
Symptoms of trace protein in urine
As mentioned above trace protein in urine is usually diagnosed via urine tests, often during routine health checkups. People may also go to the doctor if they experience the below listed symptoms and subsequently check the levels of protein in their urine.
- Swelling of feet and arms
- Swelling in the face
Trace protein in urine during pregnancy can be serious. Hence, it is vital to seek medical attention for the condition. Pregnant women may experience the below listed symptoms if they are suffering from proteinuria:
- Infrequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Continuous headache
- Nauseated feeling
- Pain in abdomen
Causes for Trace protein in urine
The main causes for trace protein in urine are high blood pressure and diabetes.
Some other causes which are not damaging to the kidneys are:
- Rigorous exercise
- Exposure to hot or cold atmosphere
Causes that may increase the chances of kidney diseases are:
- Consumption of certain medicines
- Serious kidney disease
- Buildup of abnormal level of protein in the organs which is also known as ‘Amyloidosis’
- Diabetes (Hypoglycemia level)
- Swelling of kidney cell
- Failure of heart
- Heart related disease
- Goodpasture’s syndrome
- Infection of kidneys
- Berger’s and Hodgkin’s disease
- Diseases such as malaria, multiple myeloma, leukemia
- Sickle cell anemia
- Urinary tract infection
- Disorder in the immune system
- Rheumatoid arthritis
A urine test, which is also called as ‘dipstick test’, is the correct way to determine the presence of protein in urine. Urinalysis/urine tests can help to determine the presence of protein in urine. If the tests are positive then patients may consult a doctor and undergo more tests to check for underlying causes as well as take treatments if necessary. Trace protein in urine might not be permanent; therefore your doctor may advise for a urine test again the next morning or after some days.
As soon as the level of protein is known, the medical expert can then work towards knowing the causal reasons for protein presence in urine. After examining the results the medical expert may then advise medicines accordingly to treat the disease.
Treatment of Trace protein in urine
Treatment may not be required if it is a mild case of proteinuria i.e. low level of protein in urine are found.
Trace protein in urine is not a specific condition. Therefore its treatment depends on knowing the cause for proteinuria and taking appropriate steps. For example if the trace protein in urine is due to kidney disease then correct medical management is necessary. Timely and proper treatments will help avoid kidney damage or failure.Chronic kidney illnesses, if not treated, might result in kidney failure.
The main aim of medical treatment of diabetes-associated trace protein levels in urine is to maintain the level of glucose in blood and control blood pressure. Doctors might advise medicines such as ACE inhibitors and water pills with other medicines to keep in check the glucose level.
A good and healthy diet program along with less consumption of protein and salt might be advised.
Doctors may also prescribe other medications to people suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes. These may be classified as angiotensin receptor blocker and angiotensin i.e., conversion of enzyme inhibitor.